Mikola Oleksiovic Skrpnik

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Mykola SkrıpnıkMikola Oleksiovic Skrpnik (Ukrainian: Микола Олексійович Скрипник), also known as Nikolay Aleksevich Skripnik (January 25, 1872 – July 7, 1933), promoting the independence of Ukraine and leading the cultural efforts of Ukrainian Bolshevik revolutionary in the Soviet Socialist Republic of Ukraine. Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars. Upon reversing and removing his policies, he was forced to regret the policies he defended. But Skrpnik refused, and then committed suicide.

Skrıpnık was born on January 25, 1872, in Yekaterinoslav. He was arrested in 1901 for his communist activities. After his release, he continued his revolutionary activities during this period. He joined the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. During the tsarist period, he was arrested fifteen times, exiled seven times, and was once sentenced to death. In 1913, Skrıpnık was the editor of the legal publication of Bolshevik, Insurance Issues, and was among the editors of the newspaper Pravda in 1914.

Liquidation

In January 1933, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Jozef Stalin, commissioned Pavel Postyshev in Ukraine and pursued a policy to centralize Moscow’s power. With the help of thousands of officials brought from Russia, Postyshev oversaw the violent reversal of Ukrainianization, implemented persistent policies in the collectivization of agriculture.

During the Great Cleaning period, Skrpnik was charged with treason. In June 1933, his “treacherous policies” were made public, and his supporters were condemned as “destructive, counter-revolutionary and nationalist elements”. Instead of taking a back stance against them, he committed suicide by shooting himself at his home in Kharkov Freedom Square on July 7, 1933.

In the rest of the 1930s, Skripnik’s Ukrainianization policies were completely reversed.

 

references

^ Chernetsky, Vitaly (2002). The NKVD File of Mykhaylo Drai-Khmara (PDF). Kiev: Naukova Dumka. pp. 74-75.
^ Corbett, D. M. (1963). “The Rehabilitation of Mykola Skrypnyk”. Slavic Review. 22 (2). pp. 304-313. JSTOR 3000677.
^ Magocsi, Paul Robert (1996). A History of Ukraine. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-0830-5.
^ “Mykola Skrypnyk biography”. Ukrainian government portal (Ukrainian). It was archived from its source on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
^ “Mykola Skrypnyk biography”. Ukrainian encyclopedia (in Ukrainian). It was archived from its source on January 24, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.

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