Since July 11, 1987, when the world population reached 5 billion, July 11 has been celebrated as “World Population Day” every year by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and efforts are made to raise awareness on the themes determined on population.
According to information compiled by Anadolu Agency (AA) correspondent from UN and UNFPA data, it took hundreds of thousands of years for the world population to reach 1 billion and then increased 7-fold in about 200 years. In 2011, the world population reached 7 billion and is increasing every day.
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The reasons for this dramatic increase are largely attributed to factors such as the increasing number of people reaching reproductive age, large changes in fertility rates, increasing urbanization and accelerated migration.
But all this population growth and uneven distribution will have far-reaching implications for future generations.
World population will be larger in 2050 than in 2020
According to a 2021 report by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the world population is projected to be between 20 and 30 percent larger in 2050 than in 2020, although the global population growth rate will continue to decline in the coming decades.
Accordingly, the total population of those in the “low-income countries” category is projected to double compared to today.
The report underlines that a roadmap will be essential for countries to have accurate information on population trends and reliable projections of future changes, and to formulate and implement policies.
Africa will have one-third of the world’s young population in 2050
According to UNFPA, the world population was about 2.6 billion in 1950 and reached 7 billion in 2011.
Around 1.8 billion people worldwide are between the ages of 10 and 24.
It is estimated that by 2050, the African continent will be home to one-third of all young people (15-24) in the world.
According to the same source, for the first time in history, there is extreme variation in the average age and fertility rates of populations. The populations of an increasing number of countries are aging.
Around 60 percent of the world’s population lives in countries where the number of births per woman remains below 2.1, while in other countries there is a huge young population that continues to grow rapidly.
In sub-Saharan Africa, half of the total population is under the age of 19. In Europe and North America, on the other hand, half of the population is under the age of 42.
According to UNFPA, people have become more migratory and mobile in recent years due to conflict and climate change.
Increase equality of opportunity around the world
UNFPA, which periodically publishes its work in this field, offers some solutions to overcome the problems created by the growing population.
Accordingly, it underlines the importance of equal access to opportunities for humanity beyond numbers.
Countries are advised to invest in their human capital and remove barriers to fulfill the potential of all people, including disadvantaged individuals who have traditionally been part of society.
In this way, demographic balance can be restored and large populations facing major challenges can be reduced.
In an increasingly interdependent world, it emphasizes the need for common solutions and increased solidarity to address common challenges such as climate change.
World Population Fund’s 2022 message
In the message published by UNFPA for “World Population Day”, the following statements were made
“World Population Day offers a moment to celebrate human progress. Despite its challenges, our world is a world where more people are getting an education and living healthier lives than at any point in history. It has been proven time and time again that societies investing in their people, their rights and their choices is the path to the prosperity and peace that everyone wants and deserves.
People are the solution, not the problem. At UNFPA, we advocate for measuring and anticipating demographic changes. Every country should have the information it needs to meet the needs of different population groups and enable individuals to realize their full potential.”