Ukrainian grain exports: Neighboring countries face logistical problems

2 mins read
Ukrainian grain exports: Neighboring countries face logistical problems

In the crisis over the blockade of Ukrainian grain exports, European neighbors are seeking support, but the logistical challenges are enormous. Polish and Ukrainian representatives discussed how to increase handling capacity at joint border crossings.

Ukrainian grain exports: Neighboring countries face logistical problems

Ukraine is the fourth largest grain exporter in the world. About 5 million tons of grain should leave the country every month, for which a corresponding infrastructure is required.

At the border crossing in Korczowa, twice as many trucks are currently being handled as normally said the head of the Prime Minister’s Office, Michał Dworczyk. In addition, grain transported by rail has to be reloaded due to the narrower rail width in Poland, another, logistical challenge.

Due to Russia’s blockade of Ukraine’s Black Sea ports, grain is transported by truck and train via Romania, the Baltic countries and Poland, among other countries.

Turkey, mediating in the grain crisis, is counting on a United Nations plan to export grain blocked in Ukraine. Hulusi Akar, Turkish Minister of Defense, stated.

“In the coming days, we will see a rapid development of things. We are trying to solve this problem quickly by scheduling a meeting between Russia, Ukraine, the United Nations and Turkey. The United Nations has worked out a plan in this regard. Each of the parties is in broad agreement with it.”

The harvest season has already begun for farmers in southern Ukraine, but the logistics of exporting the grain remain a major challenge due to Russia’s blockade of ports in the Black Sea.

Russia, on the other hand, accuses Ukraine of mining its own ports – and of not wanting to clear the mines. Ukraine, in turn, fears that Russian troops could invade the country via the coast.

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