5G Panic in the Aviation Industry 5G Panic in the Aviation Industry: Does New Technology Endanger Flight Safety?
The 5G debate has been going on around the world for some time. The controversy has reached its climax in recent days as international airlines have raised potential risks. So much so that companies wanted to cancel flights to some countries due to the potential risks of 5G technology. The switch to 5G service in the United States has been delayed after airlines raised concerns. This new technology, which has been delayed twice before, can negatively affect flight safety compared to aviation industry employees. So what is 5G technology, how does it affect the aviation industry? Here’s what’s known about the 5G controversy…
Described as a next-generation wireless internet connection, 5G allows up to many devices to access the internet at the same time
With 4G technology, the file download time is planned to increase from 1 gigabit per second to 10 gigabits per second with 5G. This new technology, which accelerates data downloading and uploading extremely fast, uses radio signals. Radio frequencies used in the United States are part of the radio wave range known as band C. This wave range, known as band C, is very close to the frequency used by devices on planes that measure the plane’s ground height. At the same time, devices that collect data for safety and navigation use a frequency close to this wave range.
International airlines are concerned that interference from 5G technology will affect devices used on planes
It is stated that these parasites can cause some problems, especially during landing. RtCA, an organization that provides guidance on technical issues in the aviation sector, said in a report towards the end of 2020 that the transition to 5G would greatly affect aviation operations in the United States. According to the same report, fatal accidents can occur if no action is taken.
In cases of risk of interference, some devices that work with radio frequency will not be used on aircraft
However, this will be able to limit the landing capability of aircraft when visibility is unclear. Major international airlines say countless flights could be cancelled in such a case. U.S. officials are taking some importance to reduce the risk. For example, buffer zones have been created around 50 airports in the country. Although the U.S. has taken some measures, the donors in the country are very strong. Therefore, airlines find the measures inadequate. Apart from the US, some countries, such as France, have also created buffer zones around airports that restrict 5G signals.
The UK says it will work with other countries to collect more data. On the other hand, in European Union member states, these networks operate at lower frequencies than in the United States. This reduces the risk of interference. Therefore, some countries are not worried about the transition to 5G technology. Nevertheless, many countries are trying to establish appropriate standards for using 5G technology. Telecom companies such as Verizon and AT&T are accusing airlines of scare-throwing as negotiations continue for a permanent solution. Meanwhile, they warn that delaying the transition to 5G would hurt the economy.