Somalia aims to overcome the political crisis with its unique electoral system
In the East African country of Somalia, which has been struggling with a political crisis due to the inability to hold elections for more than a year, it is aimed to complete the election process with the tribe-centered system called the “4,5 system”.
Struggling with drought, terrorism and economic problems, Somalia could not complete the election process due to political disagreements between the central government and state governments, and between the President and the Prime Minister.
After its political collapse in 1991, the country is struggling to become a state. In the country, which has its own tribal system, political leaders aim to overcome political crises by holding elections in accordance with the law.
Election system in Somalia
In the country, where parliamentary and presidential elections are held consecutively, the parliament is divided into “lower” and “upper” wings.
The 275 members of its lower house, also known as the “People’s Assembly”, are elected for 4 years by 14,000 delegates representing different tribes in Somalia.
The 54 members of the upper house of the parliament are determined by the state councils. The elected council members also determine both the president of the council and the new president.
In Somalia, which applies a unique election system due to its tribal structure, the “one person, one vote” principle of President Mohammed Abdullah Fermacu, who has been in office since he was elected in February 2017, did not succeed in these elections.
The parliamentary system created in 2004 is governed by the “4,5 system” in which the country’s 4 large tribes and small tribes are represented.
In the country, which is governed by a system suitable for the tribal structure, the 4 big tribes send their elected representatives to the parliament in equal numbers, while the other tribes make up half of it.
In Somalia, which entered the elections in the shadow of security problems, political disagreements and foreign interventions, there are 2 former presidents, 1 prime minister and 1 speaker of the parliament among the presidential candidates.
“Heads of state should accelerate the election and ensure transparency”
Somali political scientist Abdinor Dahir told Anadolu Agency (AA) about the election crisis, noting that the country’s tribal social structure affects the electoral system, “There are two forces contributing to the electoral stalemate; the first is President Fermacu, whose mandate expires in early 2021, and the second is ostensibly. It is the heads of state who support Fermacu and jeopardize the process in favor of the President.” made its assessment.
Noting that the political crisis deepened the security problems in the country, Dahir called on the international community, including Turkey, to support the solution of the political crisis in Somalia.
Dahir said that Prime Minister Hussein Roble should be allowed to lead the process in order to resolve the election crisis. should support efforts to ensure that this happens without further delay.” he said.
“Politicians must come together”
Horn Diplomat Editor-in-Chief Muhammed Duale emphasized the importance of Somali politicians in ending the political crisis in the country and said, “Politicians should come together to determine the final decision in the election process.” used the phrase.
Underlining that political reconciliation is the only way for the elections, Duale warned that President Fermacu’s suspension of Prime Minister Roble’s powers raises political tensions, and that this situation may fuel violence in the country and cause the election calendar to be delayed.