Who is Pierre Curie?

3 mins read
Who is Pierre Curie?

Who is Pierre Curie?

Pierre Curie (May 15, 1859, Paris – April 19, 1906, Paris) was a French physicist, one of the pioneers of crystallology, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radiation. Together with his chemist wife, Marie Curie, he discovered the element radium in 1898. He and his wife, Marie Curie, received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 for the outstanding services they provided for their joint work on the radiation phenomenon discovered by Henri Becquerel.

Who is Pierre Curie?
Pierre Curie

He had the happiest of childhood, but the meaning of his unconventional education; Pierre Curie was never silently accepted by the French Scientific Committee. His father, a physician, believed that his son’s intelligence and personality could be the best educator in the path of private education.

When Pierre was 14 years old, he had proven ambition and talent for mathematics. He began his university studies at 16 and was awarded the equivalent of an American Master’s Degree at 18. But lack of money led him to an imprecise delay from his doctoral studies. He became a poorly paid lab assistant.

His first significant science collaboration was with his older brother, Jacques. When Pierre and Jacques were 24 years old, the brothers discovered the piezoelectric effect (from the Greek “to press”). The Curie Brothers found that when pressure is applied to solid crystals, electrical energy is produced from the crystals. When the same crystals are compressed, the presence of an electric field is reciprocal. Understanding the truth of the connection between two supernatural phenomena helped Pierre develop pioneering knowledge of the fundamental role of symmetry from the laws of physics.

Incidentally, the brothers put their invention to immediate practical use with the piezoelectric, quartz electrometer (measuring weak current). Nearly 20 years later, the device assisted Marie Cuire in her initial research. Piezoelectricity in the century following its discovery; microphones, quartz clocks and electronic elements were put to effective use.

Piere Curie, who married Marie Cuire on July 26, 1895; He had two daughters from this marriage in 1897 and 1904. He became a professor at the Sorbonne in 1904 and was elected to the French Academy of Sciences the same year. Piere Curie, who was exposed to too much radiation as a result of working hard in the laboratory, died in a traffic accident on April 19, 1906. First buried in Sceaux next to his mother, Piere Curie’s grave was later moved to the Panthéon cemetery in Paris in 1995, where the famous French are buried.

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