Victor Hugo Literature

Victor Hugo, one of the famous names of French literature, was born on February 26, 1802 in France.


At that time, there was a big political turmoil in France. Napoleon took over when he was two years old.

At the age of eighteen, the Bourbon monarchy started again.

His father is one of Napoleon’s officers. After Napoleon came down from the throne, they started to have a livelihood. Victor Hugo, who lost his mother in 1821, married Adele Foucher the following year, his great love.

Victor Hugo was disturbed in 1878 due to a problem with his brain. He died 7 years later in 1885.

Victor Hugo, the leader of the romanticism movement, is a master of prose and poetry. He influenced many poets and writers who came after him. He influenced many literati such as Charles Dickens, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Oscar Wilde, Albert Camus, Tolstoy. He has written works in novel, theater and poetry.

Victor Hugo had a very strong technique. He wrote French poetry with great harmony. His novels are similar to their poems in terms of language. He passed Balzac and Dumas with this aspect. He was an unlimited writer with inspiration.

With his play Hernani, he started a war between the advocates of romance and classicism. There were romantics who won this war. Victor Hugo, who was originally known as a poet, proved to be a great novelist with his novel entitled Kamburu of Notre Dame.

His work, which introduced Victor Hugo worldwide, has undoubtedly been his novel “Les Miserables”. He also talked about political and social events like maritime workers.


  • Odes et poésies diverses 1822
  • Nouvelles Odes1824
  • Odes et Ballades 1826
  • Les Orientales 1829
  • Les Feuilles d’automne 1831
  • Les Chants du crépuscule 1835
  • Les Voix intérieures 1837
  • Les Rayons et les Ombres 1840
  • Les Châtiments 1853
  • Les Contemplations 1856
  • La Légende des siècles 1859, 1877, 1883
  • Les Chansons des rues et des bois 1865
  • L’Année terrible 1872
  • L’Art d’être grand-père 1877
  • Le Pape (1878)
  • La Pitié suprême (1879)
  • L’Âne (1880)
  • Religions et religion (1880)
  • Les Quatre Vents de l’esprit (1881)
  • La Fin de Satan (1886)
  • Toute la Lyre (1888)
  • Dieu (1891)
  • Les Années funestes, 1852-1870 (1898,1852-1870)


  • Han d’Islande (1823)
  • Bug-Jargal (1818)
  • Condamné of Le Dernier Jour d (1829)
  • Notre-Dame de Paris (1831)
  • Claude Gueux (1838)
  • Les Misérables (1862)
  • Les Travailleurs de la mer (1866)
  • L’Homme qui rit (1869)
  • Quatrevingt-treize (1874)


  • Cromwell (1827)
  • Amy Robsart (1828)
  • Hernani (1830)
  • Marion de Lorme (1831)
  • Le roi s’amuse (1832)
  • Lucrèce Borgia (1833)
  • Marie Tudor (1833)
  • Angelo, tyran de Padoue (1835)
  • Ruy Blas (1838)
  • Les Burgraves (1843)
  • Théâtre en liberté (1886)

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